Maggie Little, B.Phil., PhD, is Director of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, and a member of the Philosophy Department, at Georgetown University. Her research interests include issues in reproduction, clinical research ethics, and the structure of moral theory. A fellow of the Hastings Center, she has twice served as Visiting Scholar in residence at the National Institutes of Health Department of Bioethics. She is a founding member of The Ob-Gyn Risk Research Group, which brings together experts from medical epidemiology, obstetrics and gynecology, philosophy, bioethics, gender theory, and the medical humanities, for research encompassing a wide variety of issues in reproductive health and clinical research ethics. Together with Ruth Faden and Anne Lyerly, she co-founded The Second Wave Initiative, which works to promote responsible research into the health needs of pregnant women.