Bill Cardoso, Ph.D., is the Chief Executive Officer and founder of Creative Electron. A native of Brazil, Bill came to the US in 1998 as a 'guest engineer' at the US Department of Energy's renowned Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab). Bill has an MS and PhD degrees from the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) and an MBA from the University of Chicago. Bill is part of the technical committee of several conferences including the SMTA/CALCE Component Counterfeit Conference, SMTA International, Components for Military and Space Electronics Conference, SPIE Photonics, and the IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium. Bill serves in the G19 committee writing the standards for counterfeit detection for the aerospace and defense markets. He is also a reviewer of academic proposals for the Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, and National Science Foundation. He is the author of over 120 technical publications and contributor to 2 books, and is a frequent speaker at technical conferences on radiography and optical inspection worldwide.